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Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEV)

Reference: Min. Stat. §§ 168.011, 168A.05, 169.011(47), 169.224


A neighborhood electric vehicle (NEV) also known as a low speed vehicle (LSV) is an electrically powered motor vehicle that has four wheels, and has a speed attainable in one mile of at least 20 miles per hour, but not more than 25 miles per hour on a paved level surface

NEVs are registered in the Passenger Class. The owner must provide a manufacturer’s certificate of origin (MCO) that identifies the vehicle, has a unique seventeen-digit vehicle identification number, and indicates that the vehicle is a “Neighborhood Electric Vehicle” or “Low-Speed Vehicle.”

What you need to know

  • The vehicle must meet all Federal safety standards, such as having turn signals, seat belts and a windshield.

  • It cannot be a homemade vehicle or a retro-fitted golf cart.

  • A class D driver’s license is required to drive a NEV, however, statutes prohibit the use of a NV to take a driver's license road test.

  • NEVs may only be operated on a street or highway with a speed limit of 35 miles per hour

    or less, except to make a direct crossing of a street or highway with a higher speed limit.

  • NEVs may be operated solely on private property (such as the airport or college grounds) without registration.